GIN A Gloucestershire perry pear variety, popular around Newent. Small, flattened conical pears with a green skin, flushed orange, ripe in October and producing fine perry, with middle range tannin and acidity. Trees are medium sized. Pollination Group C



GLOU MORCEAU This old dessert variety was raised around 1750 by Abbé Hardenpont from Mons in Belgium and initially called Beurré D’Arenberg, which already existed, so it was renamed Beurré D’Hardenpont and introduced in France in 1806. It was sent to Britain in 1820, by Msr Parmentier of Enghien, Belgium, as Glou Morceau. It fruits late and is slow to ripen, achieving its best flavour when stored for a month. The medium sized pears are green and the flesh is white and melting. 'Glou' comes from 'golou', Flemish for 'delicious', - and it is. Best in a warm site, it is self fertile and a reliable cropper. It keeps to February. Pollination Group C.



GREEN PEAR OF YAIR In the collection of the London Horticultural Society by 1826, its full age is unknown. Supposedly from Yair, Peebleshire, Scotland, it is a medium oval pear with skin of dark green ripening to yellowish green. When ripe in September the flesh is tender, juicy and sugary. Part tip bearing. Pollination Group C.








HAZEL An old pear tree growing in the garden of The Polecat public house in Prestwood, near Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire. It was pointed out to us by George Lewis of ‘Prestwood Nature’. The pear had been known as ‘Hazel’ by past owners, according to the present owner, John Gamble, and though this is a known synonym of Hessle, the two pears are not the same. Hazel is a medium sized dessert pear, ripe in October, with fine juicy flesh, lemony and sweet. The skin is green, patched and flecked with russet. The age of the tree suggests the variety is at least 19th century, but the size and waisted snout of the fruit suggest it might be much older. Pollination Group B*



HÉBÉ A cross between Easter Beurré and Duchesse D’Angouleme, raised a little before 1860, in South Carolina by Mr William Sumner. John Scott introduced it to Britain in 1867. He described it as ‘a cup of wine of the finest kind – equal to champagne’. A large pear, green, becoming bright yellow when ripe in November or December. It has been unknown in Britain since the 19th century but we located it in the Nick Botner collection and he sent scions in 2010. Hebe was the cup-bearer to the Gods in Greek mythology. *






HELLENS EARLY Originating in the 17th century, it is a small and dumpy, sweet perry pear, ripe in September and making a good perry as a single variety. Named after The Hellens, the home of its originator at Much Marcle, it was widely planted in Herefordshire and also in Gloucestershire. Also known as Sweet Huffcap. Vigorous trees and heavy cropping. Pollination Group B







HENDRE HUFFCAP Another small, sweet perry pear, and good for a single variety perry. Pollination Group C










HESSLE Discovered in the village of Hessle in Yorkshire, and first recorded in 1827, though thought to be older. A hardy variety, which was once very popular in Scotland and the north of England. Small to medium sized fruit, with a greenish-yellow skin freckled with brown dots and juicy, sweet flesh, mildly flavoured. Ripe in early September. The trees are vigorous, hardy, and prolific. Pollination Group C.








JARGONELLE A very old variety, dating from at least the early 1600s. Parkinson called it Gergonell in his Paradisus of 1629. It is one of the best early dessert pears, fruiting in early August with good yields. The trees are very hardy and will grow well on walls without sun. The long, small, calabash-shaped fruit has melting flesh and a musky flavour. Its tolerance for cooler sites made it very popular in the north and Scotland. Part tip bearing, but still producing spurs. Triploid. Pollination Group C.













JOSEPHINE DE MALINES Raised by the Belgian, Major Esperen around 1830 at Mechelen, in Flemish Belgium but a place known as Malines to the French speaking Belgians. Maria Josephine Francisca Baur was Major Esperen's wife. Hugo Goris, in Belgium, has also kindly pointed out to us that 'Josephine' had no accent and was named by Major Esteren as above. We appreciate his correction. One of the best late dessert pears, keeping until February or March. The flavour is excellent, the sweet pale pink flesh perfumed of roses. The fruit tends to be small, especially if not thinned, and the trees are not particularly vigorous. They thrive best in a warm spot. Part tip bearing. Pollination Group C.










KENNELL PEAR Brought to us by Rita Poulson of Sheepy Magna, Atherstone, Warwickshire. The ancient tree was owned by her recently deceased father, Arthur Callwood of Monwode Lea, near Whitacre, Warwickshire. Twice struck by lightning, it stands in a field, the last relic of an old garden/orchard. It has, for company, cattle and a large 16th century stone and ornamental brick chimney stack, the only standing remnant of a grand house. The old tree is supported by a prop and, though twisted and split, it is not hollow. The old house was built in the late 1500s and the historical details, kindly provided by Rita Poulson, show that it was owned by the Kennell (later to become Kennon) family, Mercers of Coventry. Their family history continues up to the late 17th century. There was known to be an orchard at the house in 1759, from an old map drawn by Matthias Baker. Rita Poulson recalls that she ate the pears as a child and that her mother, who lived there from 1919, referred to the tree as ‘the old pear tree’. A few years ago her late father in law, then in his 90s, grafted a piece of the old pear onto a newer tree to ensure the survival of the variety It is a small to medium sized pear, somewhat flattened and rounded in shape, green with a warm flush, ripe in August and sweet and juicy. We are very grateful to Rita Poulson and her family for keeping it so well, for so long. *