FRENCH PIPPIN An excellent apple found in America by us and returned here, where it has a history dating back to 1572 when a planting of Richard Shireburne mentions ‘pyppyn of flaunders or london pyppyn or french’. In 1629, John Parkinson wrote ‘The French pippin is also a good fruit and yellow’. It was mentioned by John Evelyn (and other early writers) from 1669 and appeared in various nursery catalogues in the 17th and 18th centuries. In the 16th and 17th century the name might have applied to several French apples, but records suggest the name later became applied to only one. Medium to large apples, the skin turning from green to bright yellow, washed with a tawny red in places. Like most French apples, it is very late to ripen in England and probably not likely to ripen fully in Scotland. It ripens in mid November when it is sweet, very rich, juicy and crisp, becoming even sweeter with storage. It will last into the next year. Pollination Group 4




FRINGFORD PIPPIN One of three old apples growing in a small orchard at the Old Rectory, built in 1680, in the pretty village of Fringford, Oxfordshire. Brought to our attention by the owner, Charles Hebditch, none of these apples appear to be varieties currently known. Fringford owes some celebrity to it being the fictional ‘Candleford Green’ created by Flora Thompson in ‘Lark Rise to Candleford’. She lived at Fringford and worked in the post office there, in her early adulthood. A medium sized, yellow apple with russet patches and spots, ripe early September and shrinking by November. Rich, sweet, juicy and very good when first ripe. Pollination Group 3


GASCOYNE’S SCARLET Raised by Mr Gascoyne of Bapchild Court, Sittingbourne, Kent and introduced by Bunyard in 1871. Very attractive blossom and large, crisp, juicy fruit also renowned for its stunning appearance. It can be used for eating or cooking, when it will break up completely. It is a vigorous tree and partially tip bearing. T.

Pollination Group 5





















GENET MOYLE An old cider apple, known since at least 1600, and especially popular in Herefordshire. It makes a light, sweet cider, but can also be used as a dessert apple and for cooking, making a rich, lemony purée. It is also valued for baking. Brightly coloured fruit, with a golden skin, striped and flushed with scarlet. Heavy crops, ready to pick in September. Part tip bearing. T.

Pollination Group 2





















GENITON Pauline and Julian Webster’s former home in Amersham, Buckinghamshire, was populated with some rare local varieties of apple, around 1926, shortly after the completion of its being built. The previously unknown Buckinghamshire Sheep’s Nose came from there. Another apple tree was growing in the shade of now mature ornamentals and had not noticeably fruited for many years. Pauline Webster had written down the name of this tree as Geniton or Jeniton, from a telephone conversation with the previous owner (and first owner) of the property, at the time they took it over. A few years ago we took cuttings and trees have now fruited here for the past two years. The original tree has now gone, to make way for a house extension for the new owners coming after the Websters. Though the name Geniton is a known synonym of Joaneting, this apple is not the same. We are including on our website a full account of this most interesting and intriguing of apples, but must be brief here. It is not quite like other apple trees, having a more slender growth habit and dense clusters of both flowers and apples, between an ornamental crab and a normal domestic apple tree. Though some ornamental and species crabs are quite pleasantly edible, this tree does not appear to be any of them and the fruit, though small, is not that small. The blossom is impressive enough, and is slightly fragrant, but when the brightly coloured fruits hang in dense clusters, the show is spectacular. The individual fruits are long and conical (though small) with bright red stripes and broader carmine blushes, maturing to cerise, over a yellow skin. They are very crisp and juicy, sweet and with a rather delicate floral taste when just ripe. The flesh is fine textured and tends to be a little translucent. In 2012, a wet year with little sunshine, the apples were ripe in mid September, but in 2011, a warmer year, they were ripe in August. They will not last in any worthwhile state beyond the end of October. A beautiful tree, in blossom or in fruit, and with prolific crops of very good small apples. We are grateful to Pauline and Julian Webster for pointing us to it. *

Pollination Group 2



GEORGE CARPENTER A handsome, mid-season dessert apple introduced in Surrey in 1902 and named after its raiser. A cross between Blenheim Orange and King of the Pippins, having firm flesh and a rich flavour. It keeps until November.

Pollination Group 5



GEORGE CAVE Introduced by Seabrook’s Nursery of Essex in 1945, though it had been raised by George Cave in 1923. An early dessert apple, which is ready in mid-August, with small to medium fruit, flushed red and with crisp and juicy flesh. The crops are good and the apples colour well, developing an intense flavour in warm summers. The blossom is said to withstand frost. It does not store for long.

Pollination Group 3



GEORGE NEAL An early dessert apple, also useful for cooking. It was raised in 1904, by Mrs Reeves of Otford in Kent, and introduced in 1923 by R. Neal and Sons of Wandsworth. The yellow/green apples are flushed with scarlet and have russet spots. They are crisp and juicy and keep their shape well when cooked. The trees have attractive blossom and crop well.

Pollination Group 2



GEORGE NEILSON Another old variety which was assumed extinct in Britain, but which we rediscovered in the Grove Heritage Collection, in Tasmania. They sent us scions in 2005. The only record we have of it says that it was grown in Scotland and received by the National Fruit Trials in 1939. Their tree failed and there has been no word of it since. It fruited here in 2006 and turns out to be a very good apple indeed. It is a medium sized, truncate conic, smoothly rounded apple, quite flattened, with a small eye, very open, in a wide shallow basin. The stalk is short and obliquely set. The glossy skin is pale green with many thin red streaks, where exposed to the sun, sometimes more widely red. It can be thinly russeted, especially at the stalk and with russet flecks on the body. It is sweet, with a rich flavour, crisp and juicy. Fruit is ripe in early October and will store for a few months. It seems to be a regular cropper. **

Pollination Group 4



GILLIFLOWER A very old English apple dating at least from Parkinson in 1629. He said of it “The Gilloflower apple is a fine apple, and finely spotted.” Forsyth in 1810 says of it “The Gilliflower is a fine handsome Apple, red towards the sun, and of a yellowish-green on the other side. It is of a fine flavour, and keeps till the latter end of March.” Hogg reported it as a large ribbed, conical, codlin shaped, culinary apple, though quite sweet, in use in October. It was known to exist in 1884 but has not been recorded in Britain since. Discovering it in the American collection (USDA), we grafted the first new trees in 2005, upon receiving scionwood from there. It has historically been grown from Cumberland to Kent. We have found it to be a good dessert apple, as well as culinary. Part tip bearing. **

Pollination Group 5





GIPSY KING A nineteenth century dessert apple, introduced in 1875. It is an attractive fruit, once said to have a flattish shape and with greenish-yellow skin, flushed red. Firm flesh, with a rich flavour. Ripens in mid October and will store until Christmas. The accession in the National Collection, the same as offered here, has now been removed by them under the assumption that it is not the true original, and the longer conical shape of theirs certainly does not accord with the most complete description in the Herefordshire Pomona. But this same apple, here, does not grow so long and appears close to historical descriptions, so the jury is still out on its authenticity. Whatever it is, it is still a very good and attractive fruit.

Pollination Group 6